Let the Memory of
Emeritus Professor Joseph Hanson Kwabena Nketia
(22nd June, 1921 – 13th March, 2019)
be With us Forevermore!

This memorial website was created in memory of Our Very Most Beloved One, Emeritus Prof. J.H. Kwabena Nketia. We will remember and cherish him forever. Prof., May God bless you, and grant you Eternal Rest!

Posted by Henrietta Carter on June 4, 2019
I first met Professor Nketia in about 1970, not long after William Grandvil Carter and I were married. Bill was studying for his Master's Degree at UCLA in the department of Musicology, and Nketia was one of his teachers. Subsequently Prof. Nketia, his wife Lilly and their youngest child Kwame became like family to us, attending holiday gatherings with my husband's extended family. Our lives crossed paths in many simple ways, as I would take Lilly shopping, and my husband would provide transportation for Professor.

Eventually our family went to live in Accra and teach at the University of Ghana at Legon while Bill did fieldwork for his dissertation on Music of Old and New Duaben. Those were some of the most rewarding times of my life.

Both my husband and I taught at the Institute for African Studies at the University of Ghana at Legon from 1974-75, and performed in concerts at events around Ghana including on National television. I learned one of Nketia's songs for voice and piano, and sang it at a musical Sunday evening in a private home in Accra, with Prof. at the piano: "Dwaben heneba foriwa". The way he played the rhythms was different than the way my husband, who was trained in European classical traditions, played it. I learned something about how speech rhythms transform into African music from that experience.

I will never forget the warmth of the Nketia family, who took us under their wing, introducing us to family and community life in Accra. I also took part in some of Ghana's choral life, when Papa Nketia would collect me from our home to accompany him to the community chorus he directed, where I would vocalize the choir before they rehearsed. I was amazed to watch how he taught contrapuntal music with the aid of only a pitch-pipe, singing all the vocal lines in his own voice and giving instructions in what I believe was his own first language, Twi.

With his encouragement I was later inspired to write a course in "World Music", one of the first, if not the first such course, written for a California Community College. He graciously came to my campus, Golden West College, to speak to my music classes, giving my students an introduction to music of Africa.

I owe him a great deal for enriching my academic and personal life experiences.
Posted by Andrews K. Agyemfra-Tette... on May 12, 2019

16. And Death came unto Kwabena Nketia, when Kwabena was but a young man, and said unto him: Kwabena, what would you do after you die? Tell me quickly! Because I am taking you right away! And Kwabena Nketia replied and said unto Death: I should surely add you to my class, and teach you some Ethnomusicology, O Death, together with all my departed ancestors!
17. And Death opened his mouth and asked: O Kwabena, what is Ethnodunsicology? And Kwabena Nketia quickly corrected Death saying: It is called Ethno-mu-si-cology, not Ethno-dun-si-cology, nor Ethno-don-do-logy! Please pay attention, O Death! Pray, be a good student!
18. And lo! Death apologised, and asked Kwabena Nketia again: What exactly is this thing called Ethnomusicology? I am confounded! My very tongue labours to pronounce it! And Kwabena Nketia opened his mouth and taught Death saying: Ethnomusicology, could also be defined as the ethnographical study of music or musics as cultural phenomena, with intellectual reference to and special emphasis on their artistical and scientific aesthetico-cultural dimensions and traditional anthropological contextualisations and systematisations!
19. And behold, Death was greatly confused, but so impressed, and said unto Kwabena Nketia: Indeed, you are a great Professor! No wonder! They celebrate you! They read your books everywhere! Begone! You are too brilliant and clever for me! I do not need you in my domain, Kwabena Nketia! I am just a poor reaper, not a bright learner! Like you! Your theories are too difficult! I fear this Ethnomusicology! I cannot learn it! I cannot even pronounce it! So, you were going to teach all your great African ancestors this dreadful topic, for them to always mock me! I shall always look small before you! Indeed, having Amu, Bediako and Mawere Opoku over there with me is already very painful for me, and I am never going to add you, Professor Kwabena Nketia!
20. And so Death fled and departed from the presence of Kwabena Nketia, and he lived long in the land to be four score and seventeen! Therefore behold, my brethren, to live long, let every soul study Ethnomusicology! Let us rejoice with the rhythms and songs of our people! Let us jubilate and delight in Psychology, Philosophy, Epistemology, Linguistics, Sociology and Anthropology, and Death shall fear us also, like Kwabena Nketia! We shall then live long in the land the Lord gave us, to be even more than four score and seventeen!
This ends our Solemn Reading from the Second Book of Nketia Saben!
Let us pray: Dear God, we thank you for Professor Joseph Hanson Kwabena Nketia! His sense of humour and original satire was unmatched! Bless him, and help us, to always remember him, through the music, dance, drama, poetry and laughter! Amen.

Posted by Andrews K. Agyemfra-Tette... on May 12, 2019
I am the famous Kwabena Nketia!
Loving father of Naana Nketia!

The dedicated and celebrated African Pioneer,
Who was versatile like Zaphnath-paanea!

I am known, even in coldness of Antarctica,
For my book on the Music of Africa!

My voice is bold,
My voice is gold!:

Don’t waste time and feel secure:
Your life is short, your Death is sure!

Do your work, and be the best,
But take a bow, and take a rest!

Don’t call me old,
Because you’ll grow old!

Don’t call me “The Late”,
Because I was never late!

From My Dear Legon,
You’ll hear I’m gone!

But don’t you mourn,
Because I’m not gone!

Tinkonkon! I beat my gong!
Tinkenken! my beat is strong!

Don’t you cry,
Because I now fly!

Play music, you’ll hear my voice,
Dance carefully, you’ll feel my steps!


I am the famous Kwabena Nketia!
Loving father of Naana Nketia!

The dedicated and celebrated African Pioneer,
Who was versatile like Zaphnath-paanea!

Tinkonkon! I beat my gong!
Tinkenken! my beat is strong!

Play music, you’ll hear my voice,
Dance carefully, you’ll feel my steps!

Written by Andrews K. Agyemfra-Tettey
(Personal Assistant to Emeritus Prof. J.H. Kwabena Nketia)
Posted by Andrews K. Agyemfra-Tette... on May 12, 2019

Our African Traditions thrive,
And continue to survive,
Thanks to Linguists like you,
Our Very Own Kwabena Nketia!

Our Culture is admired,
And continue to be required,
Thanks to Ambassadors like you,
Our Very Own Kwabena Nketia!

Our Arts are deeply rooted,
And cannot be uprooted,
Because of Scholars like you,
Our Very Own Kwabena Nketia!

Of all the great Heritage in the Culture,
That Ancestors did give us to nurture,
None can be surpassed nor supressed,
Like our pride and joy in our own land,
Our own ways, our own thoughts,
Our own love for our Traditions,
Because of Elders like you,
Our Very Own Kwabena Nketia!

We thank You, Great Elder!
We salute You, Great Scholar!
We celebrate you, Great Linguist,
Goodnight, Godspeed, Goobye!
Our Very Own Kwabena Nketia!
Posted by Andrews K. Agyemfra-Tette... on May 12, 2019
Every great nation in the told and untold History of Civilisation, from the very beginning of all recorded time, proudly boasted of the prowess of certain particular key individuals, whose creative pioneering spirit, sheer brain power and brilliance, abiding sense of mission to make life better for all citizens, was crucial in granting those nations their indelible marks on the pages of history! People have always mentioned and admired names like King Osei Tutu I, King Chaka the Zulu, Queenmother Yaa Asantewa, Julius Caesar, Alexander the Great, William the Conqueror, Napoleon, and so on!

The Creative Arts have always steered the minds and hearts of all nations, even as different cultures navigated the stormy waters of underdevelopment, wars and famine, disease and epidemics, to the soothing welcoming shores of peace, tranquillity and development! We are glad and proud that a great Artist and Luminary like Professor Joseph Hanson Kwabena Nketia emerged from our shores!

Professor Kwabena Nketia: your meticulous and ground-breaking research, painstaking documentation, brilliant and insightful interpretation, selfless dissemination of Art and Culture, shall forever be our guiding principle! It is our powerful measuring yardstick and unavoidable norm. We shall preserve, practice, perform and pass on the Creative Arts to future generations, for the ultimate goal of creatively and artistically realising the great African Personality and Identity! This was your vision for Africa and all its people, and we shall always pursue it!

On behalf of the Government and People of Ghana, Africa and Beyond, we say:
“Professor Kwabena Nketia: Thank You! Ayekoo! Akpe Na Wo’! Shidaa! Naagoode!
Rest with Our God!
Posted by George Dor on May 2, 2019
Professor Emeritus J. H. Kwabena Nketia’s Original Compositions now Resonate with His Passing and Life
Composers have been described as moralists, social actors, cultural intellectuals, cultural patriots, nationalists, poets, mediators, and reflexive modernists, agents of change, holders of their communities’ consciences, and cultural repositories and custodians. Because Professor Kwabena Nketia was not just a composer but also an ethnomusicologist par excellence, who allowed knowledge and pre-compositional resources he acquired from his ethnographic research to shape his composition of intercultural African art music works, we may also call him an epitome of a creative ethnomusicologist, a term coined by Professor Akin Euba, one of Prof. Nketia’s favorite students. After listening to recordings or live performances of Prof. Nketia’s compositions, one can see how vividly all these labels capture the salience of his creative work to his audiences.
As my tribute, I invite mourners to join me in pondering over the lyrics of a few of Prof. Nketia’s art and part songs. I am positive we could all experience the profound affective impact of the compositions he wrote to eulogize the passing of a distinguished man of integrity within his community, for example, or to express his philosophical thoughts about the inescapable predicament of man’s mortality. We can see his nostalgia for cherished Ghanaian cultural practices and virtues of neighborly warmth, pragmatic traits of real friendship, and how songs he based on inspiration from the scriptures continue to speak to us. The songs I wish to privilege are (1) “Yaanom Montie” (“My People Listen!”), (2) “Wohu te sen?” (“How Are You Doing”), (3) “Onipa Beyee bi” (“Man Can Accomplish only Part”), (4) “Wo nya Amane” (“When you Have a Case”), (5) “Adanse Kronkron” (“Holy Witness”), and (6) “Monkamfo no” (“Let us Praise Him, Our Father”). More telling, I wish to draw attention to how we can construct new meanings for these Prof. Nketia songs when we read them to resonate with the composer’s own passing and life. So, let us situate the songs within the context of his death, and explore the songs’ reflexive relationship to the composer and their capacity for truth.
1) “Yaanom Montie!” (“My People, Listen!”)
The great valuable tree at the center of the town under which our people gather has been uprooted. Where will they gather again in the future? In spite of this unfortunate situation, we will not give up, we are not afraid at all. Because of our Creator God’s presence, we will not be afraid at all. God who takes care of the animal without a tail will take care of us.
Prof. Nketia, today you are the mighty tree that has fallen. Yes, since that silent Wednesday, when the invisible but devastating hurricane has blown, the entire world, including -- Ghanaians, other Africans, and global academic communities of ethnomusicologists, the Society of Ethnomusicology, and the International Council for Traditional Music; African musicologists; and the many beneficiaries of your scholarly legacy from African Studies, African American Studies, and Africana Studies -- have heard about how you, the legendary nester of African ethnomusicology, have joined your ancestors. Indeed, we have all heard the heart-breaking news through multiple outlets and from around the whole world. Some Ghanaians still remember GBC radio’s dissemination of Mr. Geoffrey K. Boateng’s rendition of this beautiful art song in his tenor voice which you accompanied on the piano. But since the news of your passing, our response to this song is: Yes, we have heard about the fall of the mighty tree! We are still thinking of how we will miss that mighty tree, metaphorically speaking. Yet, Professor, thank you for consoling, encouraging, and reminding us not to be afraid at all. Rather, we will look up to God to take care of us.
2) “Wohu te sen?” (“How Are You Doing?”)
How are you? When day breaks, I will come to see you. When it is night, I will come to check on you to see how you are faring. How are you? I am someone’s child. Remember me in the morning, and at night, remember me. Neighbor is waiting for you. My brother, members of the royal family, we are brothers to each other. Remember me!
According to Professor Emeritus Kwabena Nketia, what provoked his composing of “Wohu te sen” was nostalgia—how he missed home while studying in a foreign country. Routine daily exchange of greetings, caring for one another, concern for the well-being of a fellow human being, and being our neighbors keepers are implicated in initiating the greeting: “How are you?” However, Prof. experienced how other cultures do not even initiate or respond to such greetings. Hopefully, Ghanaians will appreciate this and other virtuous cultural practices and values in which we express our communality and neighborly love. Should we sing the same song today and direct it to the composer, I am sure he will answer that he is at a better place rejoicing with Dr. Ephraim Amu, Professor Nicholas Z. Nayo, and several other Ghanaian composers, academics--faculty colleagues, and his students from the University of Ghana, UCLA, and University of Pittsburgh, who have taken the lead and are already in the metaphysical realm. More telling, his joy will overflow after meeting his dear wife and children. Prof., you never got tired of sharing about your famous and knowledgeable grandmother, the lead singer of an adowa group, who was your first teacher of traditional African music and the most influential cultural repository on your creative and scholarly life. We imagine your great reunion with her.
3) “Onipa Beyee Bi” (“Man can do only part”) [He cannot accomplish (or do) everything in his/her life before his death.]
Even at 97, we know you had plans of what to do next before you were called to eternity. Unlike some people, longevity did not hinder your continuous productivity. You wrote two books at ages 90 and 95, respectively; attended concerts on (1) one of your friend’s compositions at 94, and (2) your own works at the National Theater by Harmonious Chorale at age 95, and (3) while at 96, you were a conspicuous Guest of Honor at the Ghana Police Central Band’s Centenary commemorative concert. Your participation in the International Council for Traditional Music (ICTM) Study Group on African Music’s 2nd International Symposium, held at the University of Ghana in August of 2018, vividly lingers in the memories of many African music scholars who were excited to have met you. How can we forget that you were 97 when you, the grandfather of African musicology, participated in three sessions of the symposium, including “Meet the Elders”? Prof. Nketia, what you have accomplished is phenomenal, making your enormous service to humanity an exemplary model. A few weeks ago Prof. Avorgbedor, one of your former students, shared a video clipping of a student from UG’s Music Department singing your own “Onipa Beyee bi” at your house in Madina, near Accra. Truly, death remains an unavoidable predicament for us all.
4) “Wonya Amane” (“When You Have a Challenge”)
Human being, be careful of your friends. When you are in trouble or (have a case), most friends will leave you alone. When you have a challenge, your best friend will help you carry the burden. You will see your true lovers when you are in needy situations. Then you will know whether someone loves you genuinely. True friendship is a great asset and value for everybody. Wait until you have a “case,” then you will know your true friends.
Prof. Nketia’s “Wonya Amane” reverberates with the adage: “A friend in need is a friend indeed,” and explores the pragmatic truth and the best means of ascertaining those who are faithful lovers and trusted friends. Prof., this is one of your most catchy--rhythmically vibrant, melodically and harmonically soothing, and poetically moving Senkudwom (song with keyboard accompaniment) that addresses the practicalities of life. While the Winneba Youth Choir had given a great rendition of it, the 2017 National Theatre performance by three gentlemen from the Harmonious Chorale who sang with their great voices, along with a confident keyboard accompanist was very powerful. Performing in the presence of the composer himself accentuated the song’s affective impact. Prof. Nketia, we know you were a true friend of several individuals and groups including Osei Korankye, Ghana Dance Ensemble, Ghana Police Central Band, Harmonious Chorale, Winneba Youth Choir, and even me. You supported us with your knowledge and wisdom, resources and your strength and presence. We remain sincerely grateful for your sincere friendship.
5) “Adanse Kronkron” (“Holy Witness”)
Being holy witnesses is an important mandate God has given us. We must manifest it in all the world. God, strengthen us to witness to the whole world. God, help us!
Although “Adanse Kronkron” is a sacred choral work concerned with witnessing for Christ, as charged per the Great Commission to make the whole world disciples of Christ, the many leadership, path-finding, groundbreaking agency of the legendary Prof, Nketia in church, state, and academia can he considered as witnessing. Indeed, he led a virtuous life as a patriotic statesman, devout Christian, and a phenomenal world-renowned scholar. What a legacy of witnessing!
6) “Monkamfo No” (“Let us Praise Him--Our Father”)
Let us praise Him, our Father God who takes care of us. We depend absolutely on Him. Everything that we do and have comes from You our Creator. The father of all mankind. We depend on You. For life to go well, it depends on you. God the source of our lives, we thank You.
Professor Nketia’s part song “Monkamfo no” employs all of us to give thanks to God our father, creator, and provider. Yes, we all need to take some moment off our sadness and mourning to show our gratitude to God for the precious gift of Professor Kwabena Nketia to humanity. For, in spite of all his accomplishments, Prof. Nketia never forgot to thank his maker. I vividly remember his thanksgiving service held at his church in Madina (near Accra) when he turned 90 in 2011. In addition, all whose lives Prof. Nketia has touched, in diverse ways, could consider thanking him for all that he has accomplished, and as lucky beneficiaries of his legacy, we thank him for his exemplary life and work. Personally, I sincerely thank Professor Emeritus Joseph Hanson Kwabena Nketia for his friendship, influence, and inspiration which have shaped my career as a younger Ghanaian composer and ethnomusicologist.

By George Worlasi Kwasi Dor, University of Mississippi
Posted by Nana Abena Amoah-Ramey Ph... on May 2, 2019
Ancestor Kwabena Nketia, I couldn’t have thought of any other way to wish you well on your journey than to eulogize you with the words of this well-deserved song! Your own composition!
Da yie! Damrifa due! Sleep Well!
Nkyirimaa Nyε Bi
The Next Generation should continue the good deeds of their forebearers!
By Professor Emeritus Kwabena Nketia
(Transcription and translation by Nana Abena Amoah-Ramey Ph.D.)
1. εdeεn na me mann hwehwε no me hɔ
What is it that my country/nation/my people ask of me?
εdeεn na me mann hwehwε oh
What is it that my country asks of me?
ɔsom paa Nananom de som mann no bi na yε hwehwε…,
The Great service that our ancestors rendered is what is being asked of us
Adikanfoa nkunim sε wɔn
Our forebearers deserve victory
Wɔde wɔn mogya apere asaase ama yεn oh
They used their blood to fight/battle for us
Nea Nananom yεεyε no
What our ancestors did for us,
Nhyirimma nyεbi, yεnyε bi ntoaso
The next generation should play their part, and continue the fight
2. εdeεn na me mann hwehwε no me hɔ
What is it that my country/nation/my people ask of me?
εdeεn na me mann hwehwε oh
What is it that my country/nation/my people ask of me?
Mɔden bɔ a nanamom bɔɔ yε no εbi na yε hwehwε
The perseverance and tenacity of our ancestors is what should be looked out for
Adikanfoa aseda sε wɔn
Our ancestors deserve praise and appreciation.
Wɔde wɔn mogya apere asaase ama yεn oh
They used their blood to fight/battle for us
Nea Nananom yεεyε no
What our ancestors did for us,
Nhyirimma nyεbi, yεnyε bi ntoaso
The new generation should play their part, and continue the fight
3. εdeεn na me mann hwehwε no me hɔ
What is it that my country/nation/my people ask of me?
εdeεn na me mann hwehwε oh
What is it that my country/ nation/my people ask of me?
Nimmdeε pa Nananom de buu man no bi na yε hwehwε
The knowledge and Wisdom of our ancestors used to pave the way is what we look for
Adikanfo ayeyi se won
Our ancestors deserve all the praise
Nananom asiesie nne pa ama yεn oh
Our Ancestors have provided exceptional tools for us
Nea Nananom yεε yε no
What our ancestors did,
Moma yεn sɔmu yie
Let’s hold on to it
Na yεnyε bi ntoaso!
And perform even better!
Opanin Kwabena Nketia,
Your Legacy Still lives on!
Da yie! Damrifa due! Sleep Well!
Posted by Halifu Osumare on April 16, 2019
Professor Kwabena Nketia meant a lot to African Diasporans, because he understood our cultural lineage with Africans and Ghanaians. He hired me back in 1976 to teach the first African American dance course at Legon. When I was a Fulbright Scholar in 2008, he granted me important interviews about the beginning of the School of Performing Arts, which I was able to use in my recent memoir, Dance in Blackness. Later in 2014, when I was launching my book The Hiplife in Ghana at Legon, he totally supported me and even appeared and spoke at the launching event at African Studies. I appreciated his support so much, and my condolences goes out to his family and to my friend M.anfest.
Posted by Royal Hartigan on April 7, 2019
kwabena nketia is an inspiration in my life and music since i met him through my teacher, abraham kobena adzenyah, in 1991. his friendship, mentoring, and support over the years in my performance, film, cds, and books, have given me an insight into deeper cultural and spiritual meaning in music and the arts.
dear brother, father, nana, i will keep you in my thoughts, music, and life always. here is a poem for you -
words form the hopi people of southwest native america and royal hartigan 1999
now for prof. j. h. kwabena nketia, march 2019 –
do not stand at my grave and weep, i am not there i do not sleep
i am a thousand winter winds that blow, i am the diamond glints on snow
i am the mampong asante summer’s sun on the ripened grain, i am the gentle autumn’s rain
i am harvest leaves of red and orange and gold, i am the life force of all beings, great and small, fleeting and eternal, young and old
i am ghanaian mountain meadows of brown and tan and green, i am the inner secret shadow spirits of all things, visible and unseen
i am the dawning dew in may’s blooming mist, i am the heartbeat of your dreams kissed
i am the sounds of music and dance and song from up on high, i am the clouds in an endless african sky
when you awaken in the morning’s quiet hush, i am the swift uplifting rush of birds in circled flight
i am the soft stars that shine on a moonlit accra-legon night
so do not stand at my grave and cry, i am not there, i did not die
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
and as before, kwabena, wherever you go we are with you near or far, and wherever we walk on the paths of this long cold night of life without you, you are right here with us, inside our hearts
a mirror for each other’s souls through time and space we are one, and someday yet again we will be whole as we awaken together in the evening’s midnight sun
as we awaken together in the evening’s midnight sun
and we’ll dance with spirits deep, sing the whole way through,
we’ll laugh at life’s old ills, and to each other be true, as we awaken together in the evening’s midnight sun
in the evening’s midnight sun
we are one
   we are one
 we are one
all one all
one all    
   beyond     forever
with you, kwabena, in heart and spirit, always
Posted by Chijioke Love on April 6, 2019
I met professor Nketia in 2015 with my colleagues from Dept of Music, Delta State University,Abraka,Nigeria. at the University of Ghana, Legon,Ghana. We discussed his works in African Music and contemporary studies, he entertained questions from us,and answered us with such benevolence attributed to only great Scholars...Africa will miss you, African Music will miss the foremost African Musicologist...it’s an honor to have met you and shared a room with you,as you thrillled us with age long wisdom of African musical descent.
Rest on sir❤️
Posted by Jacqueline Djedje on April 6, 2019
When I began my studies in ethnomusicology at UCLA in fall 1970, little did I know that I would meet a mentor and scholar of the stature of J. H. Kwabena Nketia – someone who would change the academic trajectory of my life. While a student in his Music of Africa class, I decided to write a term paper on the one string fiddle tradition of the Luo of Kenya because of a musical example he played in class. However, as a performer, it was Asante music that both fascinated me and held my attention. Therefore, when the opportunity arose to study in Ghana through the University of California Exchange Abroad Program, I decided to focus on Asante adowa music. To my surprise, Nketia had other ideas because immediately after I arrived at the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana in fall 1972, he suggested that I continue investigating the fiddle tradition I had begun in his class. Since no one had conducted research on fiddling among the Dagbamba in northern Ghana, he indicated that this was an excellent place to begin. Dropping all of my plans with adowa, I immersed myself into Dagbamba culture by taking fiddle lessons and learning Dagbani. Thus, much of what I have accomplished in my professional career is due to the casual suggestion that he made. Not only has it enabled me to address issues and topics that have changed stereotypical views about Africa, it has also helped to conceptualize new ideas about the inter-connections that exist in the fiddling of blacks and whites in the United States.
Since those early days, “Prof” has been a continuing inspiration and guiding light to me. Not only was he a sincere and sensitive to the concerns of others, but he was also a formidable role model in the field of ethnomusicology and African musicology. Because of his immense achievements and humanity, I am fortunate to have had the opportunity to work closely with him on many projects both as a student and colleague. I will miss him dearly.
Jacqueline Cogdell DjeDje
Posted by Eddie Meadows on April 6, 2019
I first became aware of Professor Nketia’s scholarly input while pursuing my doctorate at Michigan State University. Since I had become interested in ethnomusicology, and Michigan State did not offer an emphasis in this area in 1970, I compensated by reading all of the literature available on African musical research; hence my first introduction to Professor Nketia. My thirst for knowledge of African musical research was designed to provide the background necessary to do scholarly research in African American musics, particularly jazz. In addition, I began to discover that most of the jazz research that dealt with African retentions was permeated with factual errors and omissions, primarily because writers were not conversant with African musical research, or because they had no training in ethnomusicology. After moving to San Diego in the early seventies, I wrote UCLA requesting permission to audit some of professor Nketia’s seminars. I was admitted as a post-doctoral scholar. My studies with Professor Nketia enabled me to actualize some of the comparative research ideas on Africa and jazz, that I had long been contemplating. By understanding Africa, I became aware of what was comparable and what was not. Professor Nketia also expanded my knowledge of African musical structures, styles, performance practices, and the importance of accepting music on its own cultural terms. The highlight of my UCLA experience occurred when Professor Nketia made the arrangements necessary for me both to teach and do fieldwork in Ghana in 1980-1981. In Ghana, my teaching and fieldwork provided the background necessary to bridge the gap between theory and method, the indigenous music, and people. My respect and appreciation for Professor Nketia’s contributions to my education are only surpassed by my respect for him as a human being. 
Eddie S. Meadows
Posted by Jean Kidula on April 5, 2019
It has been my privilege to sit under the feet of Professor Nketia for almost 40 years. Thank you for making room for us.
I first met Prof in Nairobi, Kenya in the early 1980s when he came as part of the consultation for setting up Kenya's Permanent Presidential Commission. There were few music academics in the country so all of Kenya's music teachers, faculty, students and choir directors of the time converged for this historic project. I remember riding with him in a crowded mini bus and not knowing it was him. Then as we were all later introduced to him, we were awestruck, that this giant of the famous Music of Africa book looked like one of us. That was part of what inspired me to continue the path of studying the Musics of Africa, and seeking to highlight Africa's enormous musical contributions globally. Thank you Professor Nketia for opening the doors, and leading the way. 

Every time I have met Professor Nketia in Africa, Europe and the USA in various forums and conferences, he has generously accommodation me. He told me often that he was proud of me.  That was mind blowing for me and one of my highest compliments. Thank you again. I am honored to have met him and to have been hosted by him in Ghana my first time in that country in 1991 and to have learned from him directly face to face, but also indirectly through his other students and from his compositions and scholarly publications. I am proud of him. I am thankful for him.
Thank you, Prof. Nketia's immediate Ghanaian family, friends, colleagues and students, for sharing him with us and with the world. You made room for him to enlarge Ghana's reach and boundaries, but also those of Africa writ large, and those of the music community globally.  Thank you. 
I look forward to meeting him again where he had gone on ahead.

May your legacy live on Professor Nketia, and may your soul and spirit rest in eternal peace
Jean Kidula.
Posted by Dr. Samuel Manaseh Yirenk... on March 30, 2019
Met Emeritus Prof Nketia at Legon during my undergraduate days...He was a nice man. A gentle fellow always smiling...He bored none any grudge...He was ready to open doors of opportunity for all who came into contact with him..Prof has touched many lives and I believe he is smiling whenever he is....Nkyirima da wo ase....Nantew yie.,,
Posted by Josephine Mokwunyei on March 30, 2019
Oh Papa Nketia!!!
I have been in denial. Not because you were too young to die but because you have created a vacuum too large to fill.
I heard and read about you as an undergraduate at UNN Nsukka. Then I was privileged to meet you in person as my external examiner, during my Master's degree defense at the University of Ibadan.
To top the icing on the cake, you taught and personally supervised my PhD. Dissertation at Legon. I am proudly your product and remain ever grateful for your mentorship and tutelage.
Pardon my blasphemy but to my students I liken you to African Music as Jesus is to Christianity because you are the best there could be in that subject area worldwide. Your "Music of Africa" translated into many non-African languages since became the Bible of African Music Knowledge.
Rest in Peace Emeritus Prof. J. H. Kwabena Nketia!
The world loves you!
Africa loves you!
Nigeria loves you!
Rest on Papa Nketia! A father to all.

Prof. Mrs. Josephine Mokwunyei
Head, Department of Theatre Arts,
University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria.
Posted by Lois Anderson on March 29, 2019
I am deeply sorry to hear the news of the passing of our beloved Prof. Nketia. My sympathy to his family, his extended family, friends and scholars of music in Africa.
I was a student in Prof. Nketia's first class at UCLA, and have been in touch over the years, most recently at the
Second Symposium of the ICTM Study Group on African Musics: African Music Scholarship in the Twenty-first Century: Challenges and Directions
August 9 – 12, 2018. It was wonderful to see him at this great gathering of scholars of music in Africa.
A great scholar, a great composer, and a friend to all who had the privilege to meet him!
May his soul rest in peace!
Posted by Uche Agbamegbue on March 27, 2019
May his soul rest in peace
Posted by Andrews K. Agyemfra-Tette... on March 26, 2019
(22nd June, 1921 – 13th March, 2019)
Let the Dawuro (iron bell) sound to break the news to the ancestral spirits.
Let the Seperewa (harp-lute) solemnly announce the death in Ashanti.
Let the Mmensuon (seven elephant tusk horns) proclaim the death among the Fante.
Let the Wia (notched flute) announce the death among the Savanah region,
Let the Kologo (one string fiddle) announce the death in the upper-east,
Let the Goje (one string fiddle) announce the death in the upper-west.
Assemble the Kete and the Fontomfrɔm orchestras.
On the Atumpan and the Fontomfrɔm, let them summon the praise-singers.
Bring the Akyerema for the narrations and appellations,
Bring the Kwadwomfoɔ for the dirges and the amoma,
Bring the Ntahra to punctuate the speeches, Piaw! Piaw!!
Assemble the Akaye and the Kpegisu orchestras.
Bring the Azagunɔ for the narrations and appellations,
Bring the Hasinɔ for the Apkalu ƒe Agoha wo,
Bring the Griots with their Goje to punctuate the speeches,
For a mighty tree has been uprooted.
A mighty tree has greatly fallen.
Emeritus Professor Joseph Hanson Kwabena Nketia
Africa’s premiere musicologist, our world-class ethnomusicologist,
The most published and best known authority on African music and aesthetics
We mourn you! We mourn you!! We mourn you!!!
Let the Ghanaian Atenteben flute blow the dirge Dagadu! in your honour.
Your contribution to African classicism is unique.
As composer, pianist, scholar and linguist,
You bequeathed to posterity and the world at large, among other excellent works, series of piano compositions, solo voices and piano, choruses and chamber works:
Monkamfo No, Monna N’ase, Yaanom Montie, Wo Ho Te Sen, Play Time, Volta Fantasy, etc.
Your incredible legacies will live on in our hearts and remain a memorabilia for posterity,
Your permanent fame deserves to be celebrated.
Director, International Centre for African Music and Dance (ICAMD)
Valiant as you are,
We Salute You!
Let the Ghanaian Atenteben flute blow the dirge Akwasi Fori eee! in your honour
“Death is something inevitable. When a man has done what he considers to be his duty to his people and his country, he can rest in peace.” Nelson Mandela
“Onipa bɛyɛɛ bi, Wɔ ambɛyɛ ni nyira” is one of the greatest inspirational lyrics you left for us.
We love you dearly but God loves you more.
May God receive you in his bosom.
Rest peacefully and peace be with you eternally.
Ye ma wo dammrifa! Ye ma wo dammrifa Due!! Due ni amanihunu!!!
Posted by GUANGMING L... on March 25, 2019
I first came across Professor Nketia's work in Beijing in the early 1980s when I purchased a translation of his book, The Music of Africa. In 1986, I had the opportunity to enroll in his graduate seminar. His teaching of that course has inspired and benefited my intellectual exploration throughout all these years. I am deeply grateful for his encouragement for me to take an extra-mainstream approach to Ghanaian folk songs, and his unmatched role in broadening my academic pursuits. Fourteen years later, I was very happy to have a chance for an intimate chat with him during his attendance at the “Year of African Music” event at UCLA. Professor Nketia's love for his people and African music culture was so sincere and genuine, and his wisdom on farsighted academic activism has left a profound impression on me.
All my memories of him remain ever fond and vivid. Thank you, Professor Nketia!
Posted by Ofori-ansah King on March 25, 2019
A life well lived is better than a life lived without touching and inspiring people. Calvary Presbyterian Gibbs Choir (Calvary Gibbs Choir) from Abiriw-Akuapim was initiated by Mrs. Patience Gibbs a Junior Research Assistance under professor Nketia at the University Of Ghana, Legon. Among the aims of initiating the choir was to major in presentation of the works of the late good professor of music.
Even though the choir had since worked hard to live by this dream, our disappointment remain on our inability of meeting our inspirer musician in person.
We take consolation however in the lasting impact of his work on our lives and our hearers.
With the hope of resurrection in Christ, the Calvary Presbyterian Gibbs Choir (Calvary Gibbs Choir) bids you farewell.
Physically, you're no more, but your legacy great compositions, deep thought and inspiration will forever live on.
Fare thee well. May your gentle soul rest in peace.
Posted by Daniel Reed on March 21, 2019
At symposia, conferences, and such events over the years, Prof. was ever generous with his smile, his thoughts and his open heart. I'll never forget showing up at his office in Legon unannounced one day when traveling while taking a break from field research in Cote d'Ivoire in 1997. He warmly welcomed me in for a conversation I will never forget. His grand influence spreads through those many African music scholars he mentored, who became mentors for yet more students, who have taught still others... My Ivorian mentors Paul Dagri and Adépo Yapo are but two of the branches of the Nketia tree who supported my budding research 25 years ago.  Thanks Prof. Nketia. May you rest in peace.
Posted by Judy Mitoma on March 21, 2019
As tributes flow to you Prof each is a tear that draws for each of our life force~ we honor you as one who stand alone. You have touched us, inspired us, taught us. Alas it was 1964 when I first met your smiling face in the halls of the UCLA Institute of Ethnomusicology. Your presence brought intellectual, creative and cultural weight to those inclusive international circles. I was only a freshmen at the time, but I knew that your presence was not to be taken lightly. To visit you in 1990 in Accra was a highlight of my life- Even then it was hard to keep track of the many times you retired. But being back in Ghana was where you were most happy and perhaps most needed. I bow deeply to you Prof- you are an inspiration and will not be forgotten.
Posted by Steven Tyler Spinner Terp... on March 21, 2019
In the course of my dissertation research on choral music in Ghana during 2013-15 Prof. Nketia was incredibly generous with me, sharing stories of his lived history and relationships with everyone from Ephraim Amu and Nkrumah, to Henry Cowell and Zoltán Kodály. Sometimes after speaking for over four hours it was I who had become exhausted and needed a break. I am emensely grateful for these conversations and the wisdom he conveyed through his extensive writings. As a central actor in both the formation of Ghana and the establishment of ethnomusicology in the US, his death is truely a great loss and the end of an era.
Posted by Lois Wilcken on March 21, 2019
Although I met Dr. Nketia only at professional conferences, I feel I knew/know him. As a scholar of Haitian Vodou drumming, his work was essential to understanding the foundations of the patterns I studied. Knowing what I do about the spiritual dimension of Vodou music, I am certain he is always with us, albeit unseen. Deepest condolences to his family and close friends. Take care.
Posted by Dorothy Wong on March 21, 2019
My condolences to your family and friends. May he r. i. p.
Posted by Kathleen J Van Buren on March 20, 2019
I met Professor Nketia as an undergraduate student visiting Ghana for drumming studies, and again as a graduate student at UCLA. Having read his work and known of his influence, it was a great honor to be able to meet him on these occasions. I was struck by his humility, kindness, and respect to me, just a student and young researcher. This made a deep impression upon me. May we as scholars follow his example of sharing not just knowledge, but also grace. I send condolences to Professor Nketia's family and all those impacted by him.
Posted by Emmanuel Opoku Sarkodie on March 20, 2019
I met Emeritus Prof. J.H Nketiah when we went to administer the Holy Communion to the aged at his residence. It was such an honor and a humbling moment to come face to face with a great statesman. Even In his old age, you could sense his level of humility and gentleness. On behalf of the Immanuel Congregation of the Presbyterian Church of Ghana Madina,  we express our condolence to the family of our Grandfather, Father, and great mentor. Rest peacefully in the Bossom of our Lord.
Posted by Clifford Campbell on March 18, 2019
As an expression of my profound appreciation for your contributions to my academic journey, I accept with grace, humility and pride, your transition from an exceptional professor, to an immortal academic.
Already substantial, the impressive pantheon of the ancestors have undoubtedly improved now with you in their midst. I can only imagine, the great heights to which the choral music there will soar!
I salute you Prof.
Posted by Leander David on March 18, 2019
Dust to dust and ashes to ashes
Was not said of the fine dust
Which was blown and now in our entrails
It remains forever relevant
Forever in the hearts purer
In the souls fresher
In the minds incorruptible 

Behind the veil I see
A psyche leaves its body,
dark skin so tall that penetrates the skies
A master builder of the times
who once lived in a coast of gold
South of the Sahara
where the Greenwich meridian cuts across

The light at the great hall dimming
Oh Legon loses its own, a professor, a composer
A maestro and father to ethno music
Great masters never fall
they sleep the long sleep
The sleep of the fathers, the ancient ones

We will mourn not your loss
Because we still have them
What you left mankind
What you stood for
Your idles, dreams
Your handiworks, deeds

Oh master, master composer,
master of the arts you are
Nature in harmony you left us
In letters, signs
keys, lines
sounds fine,
tunes in rhymes
They vibrate and echo at the same time
They float and navigate tribes, cultures

A soul that made audible and plain the language of souls
The messages of the powers that be you captured
To shape a whole generation, an era, a civilization, a time
There is beauty in harmony of notes
but you led us to unity through musical harmony

Oh master, master lyricist
Once I sought to see you
but now I have all of you even those who think in line with you
I wanted to hear your voice
but now have it even with the echoes of your voices
I wanted to feel your presence
but now I have more than that,
your presences across the seas and beyond the spheres

Now we still see you in the mind’s eye
A life like a river which flowed in the dirty boisterous waves
Yet never lost its colour, fresh smell and taste.

Oh life is death, death’s liveliness and youth, its storm before the calm.
Death is life, life before another begins.
In death is life, a transformed life.
Life never ceases, it pauses several times to renew itself
and transformed into other garbs when death calls
giving way to other different forms of life.

Legon will arise
Ethno music will survive
Whatever you loved will still smile

The earth lie lightly on you

Wo jogban Emeritus Prof. Kwabena Nketia
Posted by Mohamed Sulieman on March 17, 2019
On behalf of Sudanese researches,I send our condolences to our colleagues in and out of Africa for the inspired Godfather  J H Kwabena nektia. Asking Allah to bless his soul and sleep in peace.
Posted by Steven Feld on March 17, 2019
I met Professor Nketia when I was a graduate student in Africanist Anthropology, Linguistics, and Ethnomusicology at Indiana University in the early 1970s. Professor Alan Merriam, the well known author of The Anthropology of Music, arranged a visit for Prof to speak to our African Humanities Seminar and African Music class. In advance of the visit we students poured over Prof’s publications and made class presentations about the depth of history, theory, and empirical research chronicled there. Being the student most interested in relations of language and music, I was assigned to report on Prof’s book on the funerary dirges of the Akan peoples. I was truly mesmerized by the work and remember reading it twice through with the care and patience that would honor the deep research and analysis. Funerary lamentation thus became the subject of our first conversation and subsequent correspondence for more than 25 years, when I worked on the theme in Papua New Guinea. Then, by chance, I came to Ghana in 2004. And as luck would have it, have visited for music performance, research, and learning each of the 15 years since. Prof welcomed me back into African music studies, and ever so generously answered myriad questions, and asked many others. He was always gracious, generous, kind, and exceedingly humble, a true model of intellectual and personal integrity. I count our many visits, particularly during the first five years if my work on jazz cosmopolitanism in Accra, as among my best conversations with a mentor, colleague, and inspirational senior scholar. Prof thank you for so so many gifts to the world of African music scholarship, and for your truly memorable and gracious welcome of a student, colleague, and friend from afar. Rest In Peace, Sir.
Posted by Addai Paul on March 17, 2019
Emeritus Prof. J.H.K Nketiah was classified as one of the best chorale composers we had in the country and at large. I always call him the Father Of Chorale Music. May his soul rest in peace.
Posted by Anumnyam Anumnyam on March 17, 2019
Prof, So sad to hear of your departure. It was great honour knowing you at first hand. I remember how you freely offered me your notes to assist in my studies when I was a student at the School of Preforming Arts, Legon. What a kind, unassuming soul.
Thinking about you bring to mind Dr. Ephraim Amu, Mawure Opoku and Ghanaba, The Divine Drummer. A generation of shining stars with whom you held high our Arts and cultural practices with intellectual depth accross the globe. Great soul, when you go we greet these kindred spirits. Tell them we offer them a calabash of water with a citation to uphold their good works, and to Osagyefo Kwame Nkrumah who lit the flame.
Prof. May the ancestors bid you welcome
Posted by Eugene Kena-Amoah on March 17, 2019
DR. EPHRAIM KOKU AMU will be so proud of you, to hug you and say, AYEKOO
Indeed a true legacy is not only the things you've achieved but a true legacy is a life you've touched. Life well lived...
From Kena-Amoah family
Posted by Gabriel S.K. Anderson on March 17, 2019
GAM Melodies Organisation was really saddened to hear the death of our wonderful Father Emeritus Prof. J.H Kwabena Nketia. He was an extraordinary man. There are many in the community who will morn deeply his passing, as his was a life of service, love,compassion and an excellent inspirational speaker to the youth at large.
May his soul rest in perfect peace. Amen!
Posted by Udoka Ossaiga on March 16, 2019
Prof Nketia, you have sounded your notes, and danced in tandem with your tune to the great beyond. Though you've transitted, your work, and memory remain with us. May God console your family, and loved ones.
Posted by Collins Mcjoseph on March 16, 2019
Eml) anyi kpoooo. Atiga ad3 mu. Prof. J.H. Nketia, you have been a founding father of Ghanaian art music. An inspiration to both young and old. Tho we are saddened by your departure, we know in the sweet by and by, we shall meet on that beautiful shore. Hede Nyuie.
Posted by Martin-unique Mintah on March 16, 2019
Prof Nketia, may the Almighty Lord keep your legendary soul peacefully. In our hearts and minds you have written the legacy of life. Rest well. Due!
Posted by Peter Twum - Barimah on March 16, 2019
A life well lived is better than a life lived without touching the lives of people. As a young man, I have read books and articles and sang songs composed by prof. Nketia. These hand works of Prof have made me appreciate Ghanaian traditional music. As a graduate student at the University of Ghana, he has inspired me with his contributions to the Arts in Ghana. I also recall the few discussions concerning African music at the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana. Prof's humility was one thing that has inspired me. Emeritus Professor Nketia was a true legend.
May your gentle soul rest in Perfect Peace.
Damirifa due!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Posted by Egberto Bermudez on March 16, 2019
In 1977 The Music of Africa -found by chance on the shelves of Senate House Library- along with the lectures of Kenneth A. Gourlay (1919-95) opened my eyes to help me understand what ‘afro-american music’ meant. Much later -in October 2011- my late friend and colleague Coriun Aharonian (1940-2017) ask me to write a tribute to Prof. J. H. Kwabena Nketia (1921-2019) for the decoration ceremony held in Montevideo (Uruguay) for the opening of the International Conference La música entre Africa y América/Music between Africa and the Americas convened in his honor on the occasion of his 90th birthday. There I had the pleasure of meeting him and yet again on my first and very belated visit to Africa (Legon, Ghana) in August 2018 for the memorable ICTM Symposium African Music Scholarship in the Twenty-first Century: Challenges and directions. On the 2011 Encomium I wrote about the pending task for us in Latin America to “read, study, assimilate, analyze and debate Nketia’s ideas and those of his predecessors and continuators as part of the tradition of scholarly approach to African and African related musics. It is the best homage we can offer today to Kwabena Nketia and the undisputable excellence of his career and legacy”.
Egberto Bermúdez
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá
Vice-President International Musicological Society (IMS)
Posted by Damien Pwono on March 16, 2019
I am terribly sorry to hear about the passing of our beloved father, teacher, and mentor!

Prof. Nketia was an extraordinary human being who lived such an extraordinary life.

As Andrews, Prof’s Assistant, will recall, my recent get together with Prof in Accra last November was an emotionally charged "farewell" moment as he constantly referred to it. We joked and laughed about diverse shared experiences as we recalled fond memories from many cities over 30 years, including Accra, Amman, Bahia, Bellagio, Boston, Hollywood, Kinshasa, Nairobi, Muscat, New York, Paris, Pittsburgh, Salvador de Bahia, and Sao Paulo.

It is with much grief that I am extending my deep and heartfelt sympathy to his biological family and world of music.

May his soul rest in eternal and perfect peace!

Let us be strong for the continuation of his work for his legacy to remain as an inspiration to us and to other scholars to come!
Posted by Dr. AB Assensoh on March 16, 2019
It was through my former doctoral (Ph.D.) student -- Dr Nana Abena Amoah-Ramey of Indiana, USA -- that I met Emeritus Professor J.H. Kwabena Nketia at his Accra residence. When co-supervising Nana Abena's Ph.D. dissertation in Ethno-musicology and African Diaspora Studies at Indiana University, I came across several of Dr. Nketia's works. Therefore, when asked to write an entirely new foreword to Nana Abena's first published 2018 book, "Female Highlife Performers in Ghana: Expression, Resistance, and Advocacy", I agreed with the author that it would be great to meet, in person, Emeritus Professor Nketia. It was arranged for me to meet him by Nana Abena (who was still back in the USA) and, now deceased, Mrs. Bridget Kyerematen-Darko of Accra; Sister Bridget (as my spouse and I called her), drove me one day to meet the two great scholars: University of Ghana Emeritus Professors Kwame Arhin, and Nketia. The meetings were educative exercises in themselves; I previously knew Dr. Arhin (a.k.a. Nana Arhin Brempong), but it was a first meeting with Dr. Nketia. I thank God and my stars that I met both of them at the time. May the souls of both astute Ghanaian scholars rest in perfect peace until we meet again in Heaven.
  Indiana University Emeritus Professor A.B. Assensoh, LL.M., Ph.D. &
  also University of Oregon Courtesy Emeritus Professor, Oregon, USA.
   (Saturday, March 16, 2019)
Posted by Stephen Olusoji on March 16, 2019
I met Papa Nketia,years back when he came to University of Lagos,Nigeria with Prof .Agyemfra to deliver lecture on African art music.l was able to sip from his musical fountain of knowledge and had better understanding of the composition of African art music through his lectures and recordings.We lost a rare scholar and the father of African musicology. Adieu Pa Nketia.My condolences to the family ,musicians and musicologists in Ghana,Africa and all over the world.
Posted by John Nutekpor on March 16, 2019
The year was 1995, the venue was Drama Studio, the Event was Matemasie and my academic qualification was Ordinary Level Certificate. That was the beginning point of my academic journey in the field of Performing Arts and the late Professor Emeritus J.H Nketia made that difference in navigating my field by advising me to focus on Music as my specialty. I appreciate this good course which has propelled me in advancing to a PhD status. Rest in Peace Prof. Nketia. (From University of Limerick Ireland)
Posted by Rebecca Tandoh on March 16, 2019
Prof i am saddened by your passing. However, i am glad that i met you. I am truly grateful for all the discussions. You really added a lot of value to my academic journey and endeavors.
Wofa, me da wo ase
Esie ne kegya nni aseda
Wofa, da yie
Posted by Dele Layiwola on March 16, 2019
Emeritus Professor Nketia had been a father to us all in the business of the cultural studies and appreciation of Africa. His field experience in ethnographic research was phenomenal. With my wife, I and our children visited him at home on two of our holiday trips to Accra. As he saw us off to our vehicle on our second and last visit, our sons remarked that ‘this humble old man always reminded us of our grandpa’. May his soul find a perfect balance in the higher realms. Medaase Papaa. Dele.
Posted by Quang Hai Tran on March 16, 2019
Dear uncle
I met you in Berlin in 2000 and we talked about the beautiful friendship between you and my father ( the late Prof Tran Van Khe)
You accepted me as your nephew. I gave me your book African Music and I discovered African music with so many wonderful musical
Now you have left us for ever and I wish you remain in Peace .
with my love and sincere condolences to your family
Tran Quang Hai
Posted by Harold Richter on March 15, 2019
May you rest in Perfect Peace Prof. Mission accomplished here on earth, now unto greater things for the Lord. You were an inspiration and continue to this day to many generations of music lovers and students. Your contribution to music and African music in general is unmeasurable, God bless and comfort your family in this difficult time, R.I.P
Posted by Newlove Annan on March 16, 2019
I thank you oo, Prof. I will be forever grateful. You were so real. Thank you for teaching me about God more than all these.
Posted by Denis Adjei Adjetey on March 15, 2019
Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow, creeps in this petty pace from day to day, to the last syllable of recorded time;
And all our yesterdays have lighted fools the way to dusty death.
Out, out brief candle!
Life is but a walking shadow, a poor player, that struts and frets his hour upon the stage, and then is ... "heard no more"...
Was a privilege to have nursed you Prof. ; May your soul rest in perfect peace!

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